Dehradun :- Nestled in the mountain ranges of the Himalaya, Dehradun is
one of the oldest cities of India and is recently declared as the Provisional
Capital of newly created Uttaranchal (Now Uttarakhand) State in the
month of Nov’2000. Also known as the ‘Adobe of Drona’, Dehradun has always
been an important center for Garhwal rulers which was captured by the British.
The headquarters of many National Institutes and Organizations like ONGC,
Survey Of India, Forest Research Institute, Indian Institute of Petroleum
etc are located in the city. Some of the premier educational and Training
Institutes like Indian Miltary Academy, RIMC (Rashtriya Indian Military
College), Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA), Lal Bahadur Shahstri
National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) etc are also there in Dehradun.
It is a favoured tourist destination as it attracts tourists, pilgrims and
enthusiasts from various walks of life to its serene environs. Add to this
the abundance of special Basmati rice, tea and leechi gardens which contribute
in turning the city into a paradise.
Geography of Dehradun
Dehradun is one of the most picturesque locations situated in the foothills of Gharwal Himalayas. Dehradun Lies between 29 degrees 58' and 31 degrees 2' 30" north latitudes and 77 degrees 34' 45" and 78 degrees 18' 30" east longitudes.
Total area of the Dehradun District is 3088 sq kms.
Altitude is 640 mts.(2100 ft) above sea level.
The Dehradun district has various types of physical geography from Himalayan mountains to Plains. Raiwala is the lowest point at 315 meters above sea level, and the highest points are within the Tiuni hills, rising to 3700 m above sea level. The Doon valley contains the settlements including Dehradun, Doiwala, Herbertpur, Vikasnagar, Sahaspur, Rishikesh, Raiwala and Clement Town.
There district contains Rajaji National Park which is home to several elephants. The Doon valley has the Terai and Bhabar forests within it as well as the Shiwalik hills and Lesser Himalayan Range containing hill stations such as Mussoorie and Chakrata. The district is bordered by the Himalayas in the north, the Sivalik Hills to the south, the river Ganges to the east, and the Yamuna river to the west. Towns located in the foothills of the mountain ranges include Mussoorie, Sahastradhara, Chakrata, Lahkhamondal and Dakpathar.
This district is divided into two major parts, the main city Dehradun surrounded by Shivalik and the Himalayas, and Jaunsar Bavar, which is located in the foothills of Himalayas. In the north and northwest it borders on the district of Uttarkashi and in the east by Tehri and Pauri. In the west, it is bordered by Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh and the Tons and Yamuna rivers. To the south are Haridwar and Uttar Pradesh's Saharanpur district.
History of Dehradun
The district is named after its chief city Dehra Dun. Dehra appears to be a corruption of dera signifying a temporary abode or camp. During the reign of Aurangzeb, Ram Rai, Guru of the Udasi Sikhs on being ordered by the Mughal king to retire to the wilderness of the Dun, had pitched his tents here in what is now the Khurbura locality of the town and has also built a temple near Dhanawala. Around these two sites, grew up the town popularly known as Dehra. The term dun or doon means the low lands at the foot of a mountain range, and as the bulk of the district lies in such a terrain, it justified the dun part of the name.
Another derivation of the term dun is stated to be from Dronashram, hermitage of Guru Dronacharya of Mahabharata fame, who sojourned for a season in the village of Devara, situated near to Dehra to perform his devotions at a lonely spot.
Tourism in Dehradun - Dehradun Tourism
Tourism in Dehradun is exceedingly high-classed and sophisticated in its own right, with economical boosting aiding the city to maintain the spots perfectly. Ranging from historical and legendary temples, to wildlife parks, waterfalls, museums or just gardens, tourists can have a pristine view of the Himalayas from each sector, loaded with unnaturalness.
Attractions In Dehradun -Visiting Places In Dehradun -Dehradun Sightseeing
Dehradun Tourist Places :- Dehradun is a popular tourist spot and a tour to Dehradun includes visits to the many tourist attractions in the city as well as the many tourist spots near Dehradun. The tourist attractions in Dehradun include many academic institutions and research institutes besides many sites of religious important and natural beauty. The major Places Visit Near Dehradun are :-
Tapovan :– it is believed to be the location of the ashram of guru Dronacharya, a character of the great Indian epic, Mahabharata.
Robber’s cave :– it is a famous view point and a scenic spot situated outside the city. Also known as Guchchu Pani,situated at a distance of eight km from the city center.Robber's cave is a beautiful picnic spot. On display here is one of nature's strange phenomena; a stream of water goes underground here and reappears a few metres away. The cave is surrounded by hills and is a beautiful getaway for those looking for peace and quiet of the hills.
Tapkeshwar Temple :– an old temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, it is believed to be associated with the Mahabharata.
Dakpatthar :– it is a popular spot offering splendid views of the Doon valley.
Central Braille Press">Central Braille Press :- this is the largest producer of Braille text books in India.
The Kalinga War Memorial, Sahastradhara Road. The only war memorial of its kind in the world which was erected by the British to honour their foe, the Gurkhas (or the Gorkhas).
The Gurkha Fort, Tapovan Forest Area.
The Museum, Forest Research Institute. Lavish environs and one of the largest institutes of its kind. Guided tours available. Open:9AM-1PM and 2:30PM-5:30PM. Admission free. Photographs are allowed, but no flash indoors.
Mindrolling Monastery, A large Buddhist monastery in the Tibetan Nyingma tradition.
Chetwoode Hall, The Indian Military Academy. A charming little museum housing collections of 20th century military artifacts.
Clock Tower, Rajpur Road (Rajpur and Gandhi Roads crossing). Built by the British, this remains the icon of the downtown area.
Ram Rai Darbar, Jhanda Mohalla. Built by Guru Har Rai's son, it attracts many Sikh pilgrims from the nearby state of Punjab. Admission is free and non-Sikhs are welcome.
Sai Darbar Temple, Rajpur Road. This place of worship holds a high spiritual value, and is thus visited by tourists across the country.
The Char Siddhs, comprising a group of four temples around Dehradun : Lakshman Siddh (along the Dehradun-Rishikesh road 12 km from Dehradun), Kalu Siddh (near Baniyawala), Manak Siddh (near Shimla Bypass Road) and Madu Siddh (near Premnagar). Small temples in scenic and as yet unspoilt locales. It is commonly believed that visitng all four Siddhs in a single day will fulfill a devotee's wishes.
RIMC, Rashtriya Indian Military College one of the finest school in India for making the kids to gentleman cadets Gate at RIMC Gate at RIMC.
Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology Another place worth a visit is the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology. It is the best center on Himalayan geology in the country and has done some pioneering work in the field. A museum displaying the geological diversity of the sub-continent is the center of attraction here and a must see for all those visiting the institute.
Sahastradhara. Around 14 km from Dehradun is the cold Sulphur water spring called Sahastradhara. The spring is believed to have exceptional medicinal value and the dripping caves and a bath in the Baldi River near the spring are said to rejuvenate the body and soul.
The hill station of Mussoorie is 36 kilometers from the city. The famous Sikh pilgrimage center, Pointa Sahib is situated nearby on the banks of Yamuna. Haridwar and Rishikesh are the other two major tourist destinations in Uttarakhand near Dehradun.
Education in Dehradun :-
Dehradun is home to some of India's most ancient and elite educational institutions. The Doon School, Convent of Jesus and Mary, Rashtriya Indian Military College, Welham Girls School, Welham Boys School, St. Joseph's Academy,are considered to be some of India's most prestigious and well performing schools. Several Indian luminaries have attended these schools including former prime ministers and film stars.
Dehradun is also well renowned for Indian Administrative Service (IAS) training and military services. The Indian Military Academy, a premier institution for training the nation's military officers
Climate - Weather Of Dehradun : -
The climate of Dehradun is generally temperate, although it varies from tropical, from hot in summers to severely cold, depending upon the season and the altitude of the specific location. The nearby hilly regions often get snowfall during winter but the temperature in Dehradun is not know to fall below freezing. Summer temperatures can often reach 35°C whereas winter temperatures are usually between 2 and 20°C. During the monsoon season there is often heavy and protracted rainfall. Dehradun and other plains areas of Uttarakhand see almost as much rainfall as Coastal Maharashtra and more than Assam. The weather is considered to be good during winter in the hilly regions but it is often hot in the Doon valley. Agriculture benefits form fertile alluvial soil, adequate drainage and plentiful rain. Mountain areas are also used for agriculture. Dehradoon is known internationally for its variety of Basmati rice and Lychees.
Summers:- Cotton clothes. Winters :- Heavy woollens.
How To Reach Dehradun - Accessibility
The nearest airport is Jolly Grant, 24 km from Dehradun city. Indian Airlines and private carriers offer five flights per week from Delhi to Dehradun's Jolly Grant Airport
Dehradun has a railway station with services to major cities including Amritsar, Howrah, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow and Varanasi. High-speed trains running through Dehradun include the Shatabdi, Mussoorie Express, Jan Shatabdi and Doon Express.
4309/4310 Ujjain-Dehradun. 2019/2020 Bombay-Dehradun. 4041/4042 Delhi-Dehradun. 4265/4266 Varanasi-Dehradun. 3009/3010 Howrah-Dehradun. 2017/2018 Delhi-Dehradun.
Dehradun is connected to other parts of India with a wide network of road route. Deluxe buses are easily available from Delhi to Dehradun. Deluxe and semi-deluxe buses run to Shimla and Mussoorie from Dehradun Interstate bus terminal (ISBT) near Clement Town. A deluxe bus service is offered by UPSRTC to and from Delhi (Gandhi Road). From ISBT there are bus services to Dehradun and Mussoorie every 25–70 minutes. There are also buses available to and from cities neighbouring Dehradun starting at the Parade Ground.
The distances to Dehradun from some of the major cities are :-
Delhi 255 km, Haridwar 54 km, Rishikesh 42 km, Agra 382 km, Shimla 221 km, Mussoorie 36 km, Yamunotri 279 km, Kedarnath 270 km and Nainital 297 km.
Dehradun is very well connected by Local Transport Services Private Bus Services, Tempos (Vikrams), Auto Rickshaws, Tongas, Cycle-Rickshaws and Taxis.
Haridwar Tourism offers Pickup & Drop facility + online booking for various Hotels & Resorts in Dehradun District & Uttarakhand.
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